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Front St.City Hall Section - Clovis Free PressBack St.
Vol. 17  No. 21 Final Edition
Clovis Free Press

April 2, 2001

Greater Clovis California
Frequently Asked Questions
Updated By Valley Press Media Economists

Location and Time Zone:

Time zone: Pacific

Area code: 559

County: Fresno County, Calif.

Land area: 99.1 square miles

Altitude: 285 feet above sea level

Derivation of name: Town named in honor of its founder, Clovis Cole.

Nickname(s) or motto:Gateway to the Sierra [Yosemite, Sequoia and King Canyon Park]

History: Founded 1903. The Blossom Trail starts here and winds through more than 60 miles of California's heartland & exciting Sierra foothills and backroads.

Total population: 77,011 (Jan. 1, 2001)

Population density: 3,996 per square mile

Population growth (1990-96): 4.2%

Projected population growth, by state (projected population change: 1988 through 2020) (as of 1994):
33.7% (for California)

Per capita income (for the Fesno-Clovis MSA): $18,727   (14.5% increase 1990-96)


2000 median home-resale price:

  • U.S. average:  $130,600
  • Clovis area:$ 135,700
  • San Francisco Bay area:  $321,700
  • Los Angeles area:  $192,600

Typical corporate-level home (single-family, four-bedroom, 2--bath, 2,200-square-foot dwelling with two-car garage) (as of 1999):

  • $157,250 (for Fresno-Clovis)
  • $720,250 (for San Francisco)
  • $223,250 (for Sacramento, Calif.)
  • $492,000 (for Monterey, Calif., peninsula)
  • $163,125 (for Bakersfield, Calif.)
  • $447,500 (for Santa Barbara, Calif.)
  • $348,002 (for Thousand Oaks, Calif.)
  • N/A (for Los Angeles specifically)
  • $361,375 (for Long Beach, Calif.)
  • $380,000 (for San Diego)

Annual rent, by state (annual rent per $10,000 of household income) (as of 1994):
$1,881 each year (for California) (No. 1 highest average annual rent among 50 U.S. states)

Property taxes, by state (property taxes per capita) (as of 1994):
$602 per capita (for California) (No. 24 highest property taxes among 50 U.S. states)

Level of homelessness:: On average, roughly 3% in every major U.S. city


Average temperature in January (daily mean temperature in Fahrenheit degrees):

  • 48.7 degrees (for San Francisco)
  • 56.8 degrees (for Los Angeles)

Average temperature in July (daily mean temperature in Fahrenheit degrees):

  • 62.7 degrees (for San Francisco)
  • 69.1 degrees (for Los Angeles)

Average annual snowfall:

  • Only a trace amount annually (for San Francisco)
  • Only a trace amount annually (for Los Angeles)

Seasonal average humidity: 59.5%

Average number of rainy days each year:

  • 62 rainy days annually (for San Francisco)
  • 35 rainy days annually (for Los Angeles)

Winter temperature range (in Fahrenheit degrees): 37/67 degrees

Spring temperature range (in Fahrenheit degrees): 47/93 degrees

Summer temperature range (in Fahrenheit degrees): 59/99 degrees

Fall temperature range (in Fahrenheit degrees): 37/80 degrees

Crime statistics (1999)

Fresno County Region -

Fresno, California has a Relocation Crime Lab Index of 163 which is a somewhat higher crime rate than the national average.

Clovis, California has a Relocation Crime Lab Index of 41 which is a lower crime rate than the national average .

Please note that the number of crimes reported has been adjusted to yield a rate per 100,000 people. The actual number of incidents for Fresno CA and Clovis CA are:

Robberies: Fresno 331/ Clovis 51

Rapes: Fresno 42/ Clovis 28

Homicides: Fresno 9/ Clovis 1

Aggravated Assaults: Fresno 629/ Clovis 94

Motor Vehicle Theft's: Fresno 1346/ Clovis 455

Crime Lab Index: Fresno 163/ Clovis 41

[The Relocation Crime Lab Index gives the city's crime rate relative to the average of nearly 500 total cities nationwide. A value of 100 means that the city is exactly average. A value of 200 means that the city has twice the crime rate as the average city. A value of 50 means that the city has half the crime rate of the average city. Please note that the number of crimes reported has been adjusted to yield a rate per 100,000. (THE RELOCATION CRIME LAB™ is derived by The Homebuyer's Fair from data reported for 1996 by various government, regional and local sources.)]

Economic status

Annual cost-of-living index (1999)

  • U.S. average: 100.0
  • For Fresno-Clovia MSA (with index weight for each component shown as percentage):
    --Composite (100% composite index): 107.1
    --Grocery items (16%): 116.6
    --Housing (28%): 94.3
    --Utilities (8%): 128.8
    --Transportation (10%): 117.7
    --Health care (5%): 110.0
    --Miscellaneous goods and services (33%): 104.3

Taxes for California

  • Maximum personal income tax:  9.3%
  • Sales tax:  6.0%
  • Annual per capita taxes paid:
    --U.S. average:  $1,581
    --California residents:  $1,811 (40th lowest in United States)

Average tax burden (for a family of four with a $50,000 annual income)

  • U.S. city average:  $4,305 (or 8.6% of annual income)
  • Fresno:  N/A (for Fresno-Clovis )
  • San Francisco:  N/A (for San Francisco)
  • Los Angeles:  $3,942 (or 7.9% of annual income)

Residential property-tax rate for 1996 (nominal tax rate per $100 -- the announced rate levied at taxable value of each house):

  • N/A (for Fresno-Clovis specifically)
  • N/A (for San Francisco)
  • 1.05 (for Los Angeles)
  • 7.42 (unweighted average)

Employment -- July 1999 (for Fresno-Clovis, Calif.): 457,000 employed; 12.6% unemployed

Municipal bond rating in 1997 (Standard & Poors): Not rated

Projected job growth, by state (projected employment change: 1988 through 2020) (as of 1994): 30.5% (for California) (No. 5 highest projected job growth among 50 U.S. states)

Projected income growth, by state (projected per-capita income change: 1988 through 2020) (as of 1994): 30.2% (for California) (No. 41 highest projected income growth among 50 U.S. states)

Health care

Number of hospitals: 17 general hospitals

Average annual expenditure for health care (1994-95):

  • N/A (for Fresn-Clovis specifically)
  • $1,582 total each year (for San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, Calif., consolidated metropolitan statistical area)
  • $1,307 total each year (for Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., primary metropolitan statistical area)

Average daily cost of a community-hospital patient, by state (per $10,000 of per-capita income): $450 each day (for California) (No. 7 highest average daily hospital cost among 50 U.S. states)

Life expectancy, by state (average lifetime in years): 74.57 years (for California) (No. 20 longest average life span among 50 U.S. states)

Number of live births (for California, as of 1997): 524,618 live births total

Rate of live birth (for California, as of 1997): 16.3 live births (per 1,000 population)

Number of deaths (for California, as of 1997): 228,131 deaths total

Rate of death (for California, as of 1997): 7.1 deaths (per 1,000 population)

Health-insurance coverage (number of state residents not covered) (for California, as of 1997): 7,095,000 individuals

Health-insurance coverage (percentage of state residents not covered) (for California, as of 1997): 21.5%

Number of community hospitals (for California, as of 1996): 493 community hospitals total

Percentage of community-hospital beds occupied (for California, as of 1996): 58.9%

Number of nursing homes (for California, as of 1996): 1,422 nursing homes total

Percentage of nursing-home beds occupied (for California, as of 1996): 77.6%

Regional Educational insights

Educational facilities: Nine colleges; 102 public schools

Total public-school student population (1995-96): 77,880 students total

Total number of public elementary and secondary schools (1995-96): 89 schools total

  • Click here to compare public schools of Clovis, CA with others throughout this region (2001)

Median student/teacher ratios in public elementary and secondary schools (1995-96):

  • Primary-school level:  24.9 students assigned to each teacher
  • Middle-school level:  21.7 students assigned to each teacher
  • High-school level:  23.6 students assigned to each teacher

Spending per pupil (through 12th grade): $4,849 per student each year

Total percentage of minority students: 74.8%

Education spending, by state (per-capita education spending by state and local governments) (as of 1994):
$1,189 per capita (for California) (No. 24 highest education spending per capita among 50 U.S. states)

High-school dropouts, by state (persons aged 16 through 19 years old who are not in school and are not high-school graduates) (as of 1994):
14.2% (for California) (No. 4 highest high-school dropout level among 50 U.S. states)

High-school graduates, by state (persons aged 25 years or older who are high-school graduates) (as of 1994):
76.2% (for California) (tied with Illinois for No. 28 highest high-school-graduation level among 50 U.S. states)

College students, by state (college students per 100,000 residents) (as of 1994):
8,710 college students (for California) (No. 3 greatest number of college students within this state among 50 U.S. states)

College graduates, by state (persons aged 25 years or older who are college graduates) (as of 1994):
23.4% (for California) (No. 9 highest college-graduation level among 50 U.S. states)

Voter turnout, by state (average turnout in presidential elections: 1980 through 1992) (as of 1994):
48.7% (for California) (tied with Tennessee for No. 41 highest voter turnout among 50 U.S. states)

Local colleges and universities:

  • California State University, Fresno
  • Fresno City College, Fresno
  • Fresno Pacific College, Fresno


Types of mass transit available: One municipal airport; Amtrak; one bus line; intracity bus system

On-time flight arrivals (Jan. ‘99): 58.1%

On-time flight departures (Jan. ‘99): 80.6%

Average commute (average commuter-travel time in minutes for 1990):

  • All commuters:  N/A (for Fresno specifically)
  • All commuters:  26.2 minutes (for San Francisco)
  • All commuters:  26.4 minutes (for Los Angeles)
  • U.S. average:  24.9 minutes

Average annual expenditures for transportation (1994-95) (including vehicle purchases, and gasoline and motor-oil costs):

  • N/A (for Fresno specifically)
  • $6,465 total each year (for San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, Calif., consolidated metropolitan statistical area)
  • $6,141 total each year (for Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., primary metropolitan statistical area)

Religious institutions

  • At least 375 religious institutions of various denominations located within Fresno

State data

  • State capital: Sacramento
  • State nickname: Golden State
  • State population: 31,878,234
  • State-population ranking (in size): 1
  • State area (in square mileage): 158,706
  • State square-mileage ranking (in size): 3
  • State taxes per capita (as of 1998): $2,073 (for California) (ranked No. 9 highest state taxes paid per capita among 50 U.S. states) (8.0% of personal income)
  • State flower: Poppy (golden)
  • State bird: Quail (California Valley Quail)

"Off hours" (California Getaways - entertainment, recreation, cultural offerings and the arts)

[Note: For more in-depth information on restaurants, lodging, outdoor recreation, cultural happenings, the arts or other items of local interest, please go to the city-specific website(s) listed at the end of this city’s profile]

Five-Star Award-winning hotels, resorts, inns and restaurants (1999 Mobil Travel Guide) (for northern California):

  • The Ritz-Carlton, San Francisco (hotel)
  • Inn and Links at Spanish Bay, Pebble Beach, Calif. (resort)
  • Chateau Du Sureau, Oakhurst, Calif. (inn)
  • The French Laundry, Yountville, Calif. (restaurant)

Five-Star Award-winning hotels, resorts, inns and restaurants (1999 Mobil Travel Guide) (for southern California):

  • Beverly Hills Hotel and Bungalows, Beverly Hills, Calif. (hotel)
  • Hotel Bel-Air, Los Angeles (hotel)
  • The Peninsula, Beverly Hills (hotel)
  • L’Orangerie, Hollywood, Calif. (restaurant)


  • Chaffee Zoological Gardens
    --Located at 894 West Belmont Avenue, Fresno, Calif. (559/498-4692)
    --Home to the world's first computerized Reptile House; environmental chambers inside Reptile House control temperature, humidity
    and light cycles to create an environment similar to each specie’s natural habitat; since this building’s opening in 1979, it has had considerable success both in maintaining and breeding reptiles and amphibians in captivity (rattleless rattlesnakes in 1980, and Madagascar ground boas in 1985)
    --Zoo’s most recent addition is the 20,000-square-foot South American Tropical Rain Forest Exhibit, a source of education and information about the destruction of the world's rain forests and how the conservation of these unique ecosystems is important to man and his future

Professional sports teams:

  • Fresno Grizzlies, "AAA" minor league baseball
  • Fresno Falcons, west coast hockey league

Museums for California:

  • California Heritage Project at Bancroft Library, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, Calif.
    --The Bancroft Library is the repository for rare books and special collections at the University of California at Berkeley
    --Specializing in Western Americana and the history of California, its collections include books, printed ephemera, manuscripts, archival collections and pictorial collections
    --The library's California Heritage Digital Image Access project makes available more than 25,000 images from the collections -- primarily photographs, but also drawings, prints and other images of California
  • Berkeley Art Museum + Pacific Film Archive(BAM + PFA), Berkeley, Calif.
    --The BAM + PFA at the University of California offers a website with extensive exhibition information, including online catalogs with images and audio artist interviews, a database of more than 12,000 film notes on world cinema, searchable art- and film-collection guides, and an interactive multimedia guide to modern art for kids
  • California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco
  • California African-American Museum, Fresno --Collections of paintings, sculpture, assemblages, photographs, folk art, African art and examples of historical culture reflecting African-American life
  • California Antique Aircraft Museum , San Martin, Calif.
    --Antique flying aircraft, replicas and models from the early 1900s through 1960, including the Wright Flyer and other historic aircraft
  • Great Valley Museum of Natural History , Modesto, Calif.
    --See, touch and experience the past and present of the Great Valley region of California
  • Hearst Art Gallery, Saint Mary's College of California, Moraga, Calif.
    --The only accredited art museum in Contra Costa, offering diverse changing exhibitions
    --Permanent collection features the works of William Keith
  • Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif.
  • J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
  • Jewish-American Hall of Fame (a division of the Magnes Museum), Berkeley, Calif.
    --Each year since 1969, a notable person has been inducted into the Jewish-American Hall of Fame, with medals issued in his or her honor
    --Honorees include Albert Einstein, Benny Goodman, George Gershwin, Barbra Streisand and Harry Houdini
    --The Jewish-American Hall of Fame celebrates its 30th anniversary in 1999
  • Kenneth G. Fiske Museum of Musical Instruments, Claremont Colleges, Claremont, Calif.
    --An eclectic museum of more than 1,200 musical instruments made in Europe, America, Asia, Africa, the Middle East, the Caribbean, the South Pacific and Australia, dating from the 17th century through the 20th century
    --Instrument types include keyboards, brass, woodwind, stringed, percussion, mechanical and electronic
  • Lawrence Hall of Science (LHS), Berkeley, Calif.
    --LHS is the public science museum and research center for K-12 education at the University of California, Berkeley
    --Offers hands-on science exhibits, discovery laboratories, computer labs, planetarium shows, after-school classes and summer camps, family workshops, special events, school programs and teacher education
    --Science and mathematics teaching materials and curricula developed at LHS are used in schools across the United States and throughout the world
  • Mojave River Valley Museum , Barstow, Calif.
    --Dedicated to the preservation and promotion of the scientific, historical and cultural heritage of the Mojave River Valley -- from the arrival of Father Garces in 1776
    --Actual artifacts from the famous Calico Early Man site are on display
    --Other displays: 19th-century mining, gemstones & minerals, railroads, automotive and local history, including the first radio station on the high desert and the famed headless horsemen found in 1965
  • Motts Miniatures Museum, Buena Park, Calif.
  • Museum of Contemporary Art (MCA), San Diego
    --Small, but influential, museum focused on new art, often by young artists
    --Bilingual wall texts, audioguides and website (Spanish/English)
    --MCA collects, exhibits and interprets art from 1950 through the present
    --The Museum has two locations: La Jolla, Calif., the downtown San Diego satellite space
  • San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
  • San Jose Art Museum, San Jose State University, San Jose, Calif.
  • SJSU Virtual Museum, San Jose State University, San Jose, Calif
    --Presents the history of science, mathematics and technology, feauturing individual scientists and mathematicians
  • San Jose Museum of Art
    --Emphasis is on late 20th-century art, with a focus on Bay Area artists
    --Exhibits include sculpture, photography, multi-media/high tech and paintings
    --Currently involved in a multi-year exchange with the Whitney Museum of New York City
  • Santa Barbara Maritime Museum
    --Preserves and presents to the public the maritime heritage of California's Central Coast, while providing an ongoing educational platform to study and record human interaction with the marine environment
  • The Exploratorium, San Francisco
    --San Francisco's Museum of Science, Art and Human Perception
    --Founded in 1969 by physicist Frank Oppenheimer, the Exploratorium has more than 650 exhibits in its collection
  • The Fresno Metropolitan Museum, Fresno, Calif.
    --Offers high-quality programs in art, history and science that both reflect and celebrate the diversity of the region, such as the William Saroyan Gallery (with more than 700 objects from the Pulitzer Prize-winning author's life)
  • The Heritage of San Clemente & Visitor Center, San Clemente, Calif.
    --Exhibits: Nixon Western White House; Surfing Extravaganza; Marine/Green Beret

Historic places, by state (registered historic places per 10,000 square miles) (as of 1994):
102 historic places (for California) (No. 36 highest concentration of historic places among 50 U.S. states)

Symphony orchestras:

  • Fresno Philharmonic Orchestra, William Saroyan Theatre, Fresno

Radio: 23 radio stations

Television: 13 TV stations

Local news publications

The Clovis Free Press
754 "3rd" Street
Suite 102-A
Clovis, CA 93612

The Fresno Bee
1626 "E" Street
Fresno, CA 93786-0001

Sources of information about visiting the Fresno-Clovis communities. . .

Fresno City & County Convention & Visitors Bureau
808 "M" Street
Fresno, CA 93721
559-233-0836 (or 1-800-788-0836)

Letter to the Editor

©2001 Valley Press Media Network. All rights reserved.


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